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Internet of Things in Agriculture: How Countries Support Smart Farming

The future of agriculture passes through the Internet Of Things (IoT) and many Countries have already understood it.

IoT’s technology with advanced monitoring systems and wireless sensor networks improves product and field management, boosts productivity, reduces costs and safeguardes the ground and the environment. All this thanks to the accurate detection of micro-climatic and physiopathological data that can be used to target any intervention on the basis of the real nutritional, water or protection needs.

Act only when it is needed and to the extent it serves.
Agriculture becomes precision agriculture.

In the world, governments are seizing the opportunity and they invest in the Internet of Things (IoT).

In Australia, the government has allocated AU$ 60 million contributions to encourage smart farming. The recipients of funds are the farm businesses that cooperate with “new technologies society” and therefore can propose solutions to improve soil status, crops and protect biodiversity.

The funds allocated in October represent the last of a series of initiatives undertaken by public institutions: in February, a center created by private companies and public organizations opened in Sidney to develop IoT (Internet of Things) technologies for a precision agriculture. In April, the federal government allocated AU$ 50 million funds over 10 years, in support of Food Agility, a consortium of companies, universities and agribusiness companies that came together to facilitate digital evolution in the agro-industry.

In Ireland, the IFA – Irish Farmers’ Association – in collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency has launched a program tailor-made for each participating farm to reduce costs and improve soil productivity, save energy and water, adopt new technologies, and optimize asset management.

The results achieved are very encouraging:

  • on average, companies saved around 8,700 euros;
  • greenhouse gas emissions decreased by 10%;
  • pasture management has marked a saving of 21%;
  • soil fertility represented 47% of the savings achieved.

In France, the Ministry of Agriculture, Research and Economics is a partner of the Agriculture Innovation 2025 project, which aims to strengthen research about agricultural land and climate, develop precision agriculture and create incubators to promote the development of innovation in the territory. The tradition of large investments made by the state in agriculture continues: it is generally estimated that almost 10% of R & D expenditure is for primary and agri-food sectors.
Specifically, € 4 million a year have been allocated to develop technologies to support effective health prevention.
The Ministry will also share, with the Farmers’ Associations, the data collected under its authority in order to promote new solutions in the field.

In China, in 2016, a four-year plan was launched to integrate IoT (Internet of Things) into agriculture with the aim of increasing profitability. Pilot projects started in 8 provinces with the introduction of 426 applications, technologies and products.
The data is collected in the various date centers that have been opened throughout the country both at provincial and national level.

A few days ago, in the USA, the Department of Agriculture announced $ 7.3 million in funding for a new generation of agriculture technologies to meet the growing demand for food and energy. Specifically, the investment is aimed at developing precision technologies that maximize efficiency in the industry, including better use of fertilizers and water, biofuel production and organic food.

In Italy? An important step for the support of the Internet of Things (IoT) was done in 2017 with the measure of hyper-amortization also linked to the purchase of technology for agriculture 4.0. There are also numerous regional calls based on the European funds.

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